One of the first things you will learn is how to move your car from a stationary
position in a controlled manner. It might seem daunting the first time you try to
attempt this but there really isn’t too much to it, you’ll probably stall a couple
of times when trying to move your vehicle for the first time which is quite normal.
Use Fineline Driving Academy’s driving tutorial if you want to practice this without
a driving instructor, make sure you are insured for the use of the vehicle you are
in and with a suitable person for the purposes for learning how to drive, we also recommend
you are in a large open space free of any obstructions. This tutorial will teach
you how to move off and stop a manual car, automatic vehicles are a lot easier to
move off and stop due to the lack of a clutch.
Why is moving off & stopping important
This might seem like a silly question because if you want to pass your driving test
then knowing how to move off & stop your vehicle will be essential. The
key is using the pedals together in a specific way, you’ll also need to use the
gearstick, the steering wheel and carry out effective observations so there is a
bit to remember. This tutorial will show you everything you need to do. Due
to the fact that your vehicle weighs a few tonnes of metal, getting it to move off
from a stationary position is one of the first things you’ll learn and you’ll be
carrying out this action many times during a typical drive and during your driving
Moving off involves a sequence called POM and you should use this sequence to move
off safely every time. POM stands for ‘Prepare, Observe, Move’, as you may have
guessed it will start by preparing the car to move off and then taking effective
observations to begin to move. You should use your left foot for the clutch only
and your right foot for the brake/gas, never interchange your feet.
To prepare the car for moving off, make sure your that you have performed your cockpit
drill correctly,(check out our tutorial on the cockpit drill if you don’t know what
to do). You’ll need to select 1st gear and get your biting point, the handbrake
should already be up so that the car won’t move. Lets go over what the biting point
1) To select 1st gear you’ll need to put the clutch down all the way, put the car
into 1st gear (use our changing gears tutorial for help with this) and then begin
the process of bringing the clutch back up again, you cannot do this fast because
the car will stall so you need to do this very slowly. Try to bring the clutch back
up again at a rate of 1cm per second, around half the way of the clutch coming all
the way up you will notice the car’s engine begin to rev and the vehicle begin to
vibrate, you should hold the clutch at this position because this is the biting
point. If the vehicle starts to vibrate too much or even begin to move, just put
the clutch down about 1cm until the biting stops. The below video shows the process
of locating the biting point:
2) With your left foot held still at the biting point, you now need to provide the
car with some power to move off, to do so you need to gently apply some acceleration
by depressing the gas pedal in order to get the revs to anywhere between 1 and 2
on the revs counter on the dashboard. The video below shows an example of this,
there needs to be enough gas applied for you to hear the engine noticeably revving.
It is very important that both of your feet remain in the same position with your
left foot held at the biting point and your right foot applying acceleration, the
car wont move as long as your left foot doesn’t release the clutch. The car is now
fully prepared to move off.
3) Now you need to make sure that you have carried out effective observations to
move off safely. Remember that both of your feet are holding still, you need to
carry out a 6 point check and then you can move off. The 6 point check should take
no longer than 3 seconds and involves a good look all around your vehicle, check
the following areas in the order shown:
1)Left blind spot (over your left shoulder)
2) Left door mirror
3) The road ahead
4) Your rear view mirror
5) Right door mirror
6) Right blind spot
To summarise, you are just having a quick look in each of the above 6 places to make sure it is all clear around you. Note that you should move off within a second of performing your 6 point check, to make sure the information you take from these points remains relevant and nobody turns up after the check.
4) The only thing left to do now is to move off, the final part of the POM sequence.
The car is prepared to go and you have taken effective observations and if the road
ahead/behind is clear and there are no other obstructions which will cause you any
problems, you can move your vehicle. You should indicate right if there is anyone
that will benefit from your indication, but make sure your feet hold still, if the
car begins to move just put your clutch down by about 1cm. With your right
pedal still on the accelerator and the parking brake disengaged, begin to lift up
the clutch as slowly as possible. Remember,
• The slower you bring the clutch up, the smoother the car will move off. If it
comes up too fast the car will stall.
So to clarify, you keep the gas pedal at around the 1.5 rev reading as seen on the
dashboard, and slowly release the clutch pedal until it is completely released.
You’ll get to a point where the engine is now over revving and this is the time
to shift into 2nd gear (use our changing gears tutorial for help with this). You’ll
have to position towards the middle of the road using the ‘pull & push’ steering
method. The ‘pull & push’ steering method is shown in the video below as well as
how slowly to release the clutch pedal to move your vehicle:
5) To change gear, you need to put the clutch all the way down and release the gas
pedal. You can now change to gear 2 by pushing the gearstick left & down. Once the
gear has been changed you can bring the clutch up, this doesn’t need to be as slow
as when you moved the car off but don’t let it fly up. Once the clutch is up you
can apply a bit of acceleration and increase this accordingly, the video below shows
how to change gear correctly.
Fineline Driving Academy believes the information we have provide you on this tutorial
is enough to help you successfully move your car off from a stationary position.
Use it for guidance purposes only and preferably in an open area, don’t forget that
professional driving instruction from a fully qualified driving instructor is recommended
before you take to public roads.
Now its time to learn how to stop your car, for parking you can check out our separate
tutorial here . This part of the tutorial will focus solely
on how to bring your vehicle to a safe stop.
Stopping your vehicle
Now that you have learned how to move your vehicle off from a stationary position,
you can learn how to bring your vehicle to a stop. Make sure that you are stopping
in an appropriate place such as by the road side and not in front of an entrance
or opposite a junction.
When you are ready to stop your vehicle, release your right foot from the gas pedal
and gently apply the brake pedal in a progressive manner, (start of with a bit of
pressure on the pedal and increase it gradually as the car slows). You should now put the clutch
all the way down to allow the vehicle to stop and to bring the car to a complete
stop you should maintain gentle pressure on the brake pedal with your right foot
until your car comes to a stop. Secure the vehicle by lifting up the handbrake and selecting
neutral with the gear stick, you can release the clutch when the car is in neutral
and also release the brake pedal, check out the video below which demonstrates how
to bring a vehicle to a stop. You should refrain from slamming the brake down because
your car will come to a very sudden stop where you’ll risk being hit from behind by
FINELINES guide to moving off & stopping your car
This brief guide will outline everything we have gone over in this tutorial, we’ve
included a lot of detailed videos above so its definitely worth having a look at
them to get a better idea of moving off and stopping your vehicle.
• Use the POM (prepare, observe, move) sequence to move off from a stationary position
in a smooth and controlled fashion.
• Prepare your vehicle by selecting 1st gear and locating the biting point, then
use the accelerator pedal to maintain around 1.5 revs on the rev counter.
• Observe by doing a 6 point check and ensure it is clear, indicate if there is
anybody that can benefit from your indication.
• Move off by taking off the parking brake (handbrake), slowly releasing the clutch
pedal but keeping the gas on. The slower the clutch comes off results in the car
moving off in a gentle manner.
• Change gear by coming off the gas pedal and putting the clutch all the way down.
Select 1st gear, release the clutch pedal and gently apply the gas and progressively
increase the gas.
• Stop the car by putting the clutch all the way down and pushing down the brake
pedal as gently as possible.