Drivers using a hands-free phone get just as distracted as those holding it in their hand, researchers have found.
We normally see people using their hands-free while being behind the wheels and it is quite legitimate in some countries. But on the other hand, we don’t know the bad things that this act could cause.
Scientists have finally discovered that using hands-free could lead drivers distracted while driving the car and could result in serious accidents.
Scientists at the University of Sussex found conversations can cause the driver to visually imagine what they are talking about. If the drive will start visually imagining the things, it would give less concentration to driving and would give more to conversation which would ultimately result in bad outcome.
This uses a part of the brain normally used to watch the road, the University of Sussex study shows. This is that part of the brain which gives concentration to road and its activites, if it will indulge into consversations then it would cause the driver a serious trouble.
The findings made the case for all phones to be banned from cars, according to the lead researcher.
The study involved 20 male and 40 female volunteers who took part in video tests while sitting in a car seat behind a steering wheel.
One group of volunteers were allowed to "drive" undistracted while another two heard a male voice from a loudspeaker 3ft (0.9m) away.
Those who were distracted by the voice engaging them in conversation took just under a second longer to respond to events, such as a pedestrian stepping off the pavement, an oncoming car on the wrong side of the road or an unexpected vehicle parked at a junction.
The study showed that asking a simple question - such as "Where did you leave the blue file?"- during phone conversations could mean a driver concentrates on an area four times smaller than normal, because their brain is imagining the room where they left the file, instead of checking for hazards in front of them.
It is illegal in the UK to ride a motorcycle or drive using hand-held phones or similar devices
Dr Graham Hole, senior lecturer in psychology at the University of Sussex, said the research laid bare the "popular misconception that using a mobile phone while driving is safe as long as the driver uses a hands-free phone".
"The problem is enforceability - it's very difficult for the police to tell if someone's using a hands-free phone," he said.
"But on balance, I think the law should be changed to get the right message across and make it absolutely clear that any use of a mobile phone while driving is hazardous."
Other studies have suggested that phone conversations in a car are more off-putting than listening to the radio or talking to a passenger, Dr Hole added.
A passenger chatting in a car is less distracting, the researchers argue, because both stop talking when the driver needs to concentrate.
It is illegal in the UK to ride a motorcycle or drive using hand-held phones or similar devices.
Drivers can get an automatic fixed penalty notice if caught using one. They will get three penalty points on their licence and a fine of £100.
The law currently says drivers can use hands-free phones, sat navs and two-way radios, but if the police think the driver is distracted and not in control of the vehicle, they could get penalised.